It is the time of year we get an increased number of phone calls regarding squirrels. Homeowners may be hearing noises in their attic or see a squirrel entering their home or garage thru some type of opening. Often this can be a nuisance to a homeowner.
Wisconsin is home to five different species of squirrels. the Eastern Gray Squirrel, Fox Squirrel, Red Squirrel and two different species of Flying Squirrels.
Fox squirrels and Gray squirrels are very similar and the most common. The fox squirrel is the larger of the two species, measuring 20-22 inches in total length, including 8-10 inches of tail, and weighing 24-32 ounces. Grays are 18-21 inches long and weigh 16-28 ounces. There is no real size or color difference between males and females of either species. Gray squirrels, normally gray in color, have some tawny coloration in summer, a white chin, throat and belly, and bushy tails bordered with white-tipped hairs. In some areas, black (melanistic) gray squirrels are common. Fox squirrels appear more grizzled looking, their fur being rusty brown with a pale yellow to orange belly and tawny-tipped hairs bordering their bushy tails.
Red squirrels are smaller measuring only 11 to 14 inches long, including a 4 to 6 inch tail and weigh 7 to 10 ounces. The red squirrel can be easily identified by its smaller size, prominent ears, white eye ring and reddish coat. Red squirrels tend to be more aggressive than the other species of squirrels.
Flying squirrels are the smallest of squirrels in our area. The northern species measures 10 to 13 inches in length and weighs 4 to 8 ounces. Their coat is slightly redder on the upper body parts and the hairs on its belly are slate colored with white tips. The southern species is only 8 to 10 inches long and weighs 2.5 to 3.5 ounces. Their coat is more drab with a completely white underside. Flying squirrels do not actually fly, they glide from tree to tree. A fold of skin extends from its front legs to its hind legs and when it leaps from tree to tree it extends its limbs allowing it to glide. They are also nocturnal which keeps them unknown to many people.
Squirrels have very good eyesight even in dim light, and a wide field of vision. They also have a good sense of smell and hearing. A good sense of smell comes in pretty handy when you need to find some acorns that you buried. Squirrels begin having babies at one year of age and typically have two litters a year, the first litter in late March or early April and the second in late July or early August. The babies are born without fur and pink. Their ears open at four weeks and their eyes at six weeks.
Despite occasional problems, most people enjoy having a few squirrels around the neighborhood to watch. Occasionally squirrels can be a nuisance around bird feeders or stripping bark from trees or bushes. Squirrels can also cause damage when they enter a building such as a home or business. They can make a mess of insulation and damage siding and other structural components. If they find their way into living spaces they tend to panic and can cause a lot damage.
Werner Pest & Odor Control Services offers removal of squirrels that have entered homes or business by exclusion or live trapping. Each situation is different and needs to be evaluated in order to provide the best situation for the animal and the home owner. Werner Pest & Odor Control will also provide the homeowner an option to repair any damages to the structure that may have been done by the squirrels, preventing further infestation and allowing the homeowner to live pest free.
If you are having a problem with squirrels please feel free to call Werner Pest & Odor Control Services to have one of our technicians help evaluate your situation and provide you with the best solution to your problem.